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Memory Lab   Tags: digital preservation, personal archiving  

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Last Updated: Sep 11, 2017 URL: http://libguides.dclibrary.org/memorylab Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

File Formats Print Page
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File Format Tips

Save it.

Choose a format that will last when you save your file. Transfer old files to formats you can open.

1. Avoid proprietary formats.

2. Save in the highest resolution possible.

3. For documents, save to PDF or PDF/A

4. For pictures, TIFF > JPEG2000 > PNG > JPEG > DNG > BMP > GIF

5. For music, WAVE > AIFF > MP3

6. Movie files consist of codecs and containers. The container can usually be seen at the end of the file name. ex. familyvacation.mp4

Recommended Codecs: FFV1, H.264, AVC, DV, MPEG-2, MPEG-4

Recommended Containers: MKV, MOV, AVI, MP4

 

 

Resources

Library of Congress recommended formats statement 2015-2016

 

DROID scans your folders and creates reports about file formats, sizes, and can help identify duplicate files.

 

Oral History in the Digital Age Project's article on digital video preservation

 

NARA's frequently asked questions about digital audio and video

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